Women's Social Progress in Latin America: Towards the Construction of Equal Societies
During the last decade, several organizations and experts have oriented their efforts toward design indicators for the measurement of social improvement. These include the United Nations Multidimensional Poverty Index, the Sustainable Development Objective Measurement Index and the Social Progress Index. These initiatives seek to collect and analyze data on social and environmental priorities in order to analyze and propose policy improvements required for the construction of sustainable, inclusive and equitable societies. An additional benefit of these projects is the progressive change in the thinking patterns of international agencies in relation to the diagnosis, design and evaluation of development policies at the community, national or regional level. Although there has been progress in adopting methodologies for the systemic evaluation of social and environmental conditions of various groups, including women, the economic measurement approach prevails. In fact, most studies related to women's progress tend to focus mainly on income gaps, wage gaps, or access to the labor market, and, to a much lesser extent, on health, education or human rights issues (See Annex). While there is consensus on the preponderant role that gender equality plays in the sustainable growth of our societies, the collection of data and the generation of statistics on the situation of women are still poor or of poor quality. There is insufficient information on their satisfaction regarding their basic needs, their access to resources to develop their capacities, or the efficiency of policies implemented to increase their human development. In the context of Latin American countries, the challenge is even greater because, in addition to cultural diversity, the region presents a great heterogeneity in political systems and levels of social and economic development.
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Ilie, C, Garcia, J., & Cardoza, G. (2018). Women's Social Progress in Latin America: Towards the Construction of Equal Societies. INCAE/CNN.